30 Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics, Prevalence & Facts

These brain injury statistics show that 1 million Americans are treated and released from hospital emergency departments as a result of traumatic brain injury.

judah schiller
Judah Schiller
August 15, 2023

Brain Injury Statistics & Facts

Brain injuries can have a significant impact on a person's life, from physical and cognitive disabilities to emotional and behavioral changes. Here are 30 statistics and facts about brain injuries that shed light on the prevalence and consequences of these injuries. Today we'll cover:

  1. Brain injury statistics
  2. Traumatic brain injury statistics
  3. Brain injury awareness facts
  4. How common is brain injury?
  5. Much more

How Common Are Brain Injuries? TBI Prevalence

  1. 1 million Americans are treated and released from hospital emergency departments as a result of traumatic brain injury (TBI).
  2. 230,000 people are hospitalized and survive from a brain injury.
  3. Around 80,000 people are discharged from the hospital with some TBI-related disability.
  4. A review of sleep disorder studies and surveys suggest that sleep disorders are 3 times more common in TBI patients than in the general population and that almost 60% of people with traumatic brain injury experience long-term difficulties with sleep.
  5. 50,000 people die from brain injuries.
  6. Men are more likely than women to sustain a TBI.
  7. Children aged 0-4 and adults aged 75 and older have the highest rates of TBI-related hospitalization and death.

Interesting Traumatic Brain Injury Statistics

  1. Approximately 90% of people who sustain a TBI experience some form of cognitive impairment.
  2. TBI survivors may experience physical disabilities, such as paralysis, weakness, and loss of coordination.
  3. Emotional and behavioral changes are common in TBI survivors, including depression, anxiety, impulsivity, and aggression.
  4. TBI survivors have a higher risk of developing dementia later in life.
  5. The economic cost of TBIs in the United States is estimated to be $76.5 billion per year.

Brain Injury Recovery Statistics

  1. The severity of a TBI is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), which measures the person's level of consciousness.
  2. Mild TBIs, also known as concussions, account for 75% of all TBIs.
  3. Most people with mild TBIs recover within a few weeks to a few months.
  4. Moderate and severe TBIs may require hospitalization and intensive rehabilitation.
  5. Rehabilitation for TBI survivors may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation.

Brain Injury Prevention

  1. Wearing a helmet while participating in sports or riding a bicycle can reduce the risk of sustaining a TBI.
  2. Using seat belts and child safety seats can reduce the risk of TBI in motor vehicle accidents.
  3. Installing window guards and safety gates can prevent falls in young children.
  4. Avoiding alcohol and drug use can reduce the risk of TBI.

Military and Sports-Related Brain Injury Statistics

  1. The Department of Defense reported over 400,000 TBIs among service members between 2000 and 2019.
  2. Blast injuries are the leading cause of TBI among military personnel.
  3. Athletes who play contact sports, such as football, soccer, and hockey, are at a higher risk of sustaining a TBI.
  4. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a degenerative brain disease that has been linked to repeated head injuries in athletes.

Brain Injury Research

  1. Researchers are studying the use of stem cells to repair brain damage caused by TBIs.
  2. Virtual reality therapy is being used to help TBI survivors regain cognitive and physical function.
  3. Scientists are investigating the use of neurofeedback to improve brain function in TBI survivors.
  4. The Brain Trauma Foundation has developed evidence-based guidelines for the management of TBI.

Brain Injury Awareness

  1. March is National Brain Injury Awareness Month in the United States.
  2. The Brain Injury Association of America provides resources and support for TBI survivors and their families.
  3. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has a Heads Up initiative to raise awareness of TBI prevention and management.
  4. Education and awareness about TBIs can help reduce the incidence and severity of these injuries.

These brain injury statistics and facts highlight the importance of understanding and preventing brain injuries, as well as supporting TBI survivors in their recovery and rehabilitation.


  1. https://www.internationalbrain.org/resources/brain-injury-facts
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/get_the_facts.html
  3. https://www.brainandspinalcord.org/brain-injury-statistics/